Cystic Acne; There are different types of Acne that you know, heard of, or maybe you didn’t know that ACNE is of different types. But the truth is that there are; and among all the types of ACNE that we have, Cystic acne has been said and noted to be the worst type of ACNE you should suffer from. Howbeit, note that Acne occurs when oil and dead skin cells clog skin pores.
Cystic Acne is birth as a result of cysts forming underneath your skin. Also composite of bacteria, oil, and dry skin cells that get caught in your pores do cause Cystic ACNE.
In addition to the brief overview of Cystic Acne we earlier made, this is a skin fettle that occurs when hair follicles or holes in the skin plug with oil and dead skin cells. Cystic acne is a type of rabble-rousing acne that causes painful, pus-filled pimples to appear underneath the skin. Even though acne can manifest in anyone, cystic acne tends to develop in people with oily skin. It is very much common in teens, women, and older adults with hormonal dysfunctions and inequalities.
In most cases, cystic acne can be enhanced as aging happens. However, the stubborn and painful bumps will not go away without any manual effort. If you suspect you have cystic acne, your dermatologist is your nearest and best option or form of defense. Dermatologists are the only medical experts to prescribe the necessary medication which will in turn help to help clear your skin, therefore getting it to its normal form.
With cystic acne, bacteria also get into the pores, causing swelling or inflammation, therefore making it the most concerning type of acne. They are always painful and more likely to cause scarring.
The skin disease is a respecter of no man coz it has a great tendency of affecting both teenagers and young adults. From the best of our research on this, proven analysis has shown that about a 1.5million cases of this ailment are recorded almost every year.
However, the most interesting part here is that Cystic Acne can be treated and the treatment can only be done by a medical professional coz it requires a medical diagnosis.
So guys, let’s move straight to looking at some facts about Cystic Acne and relate with you the things you should do in other to get rid of this type of Acne.
What are the Causes of Cystic Acne?
The main cause of Cystic Acne can be referred to as Pores in the skin which can clog with excess oil and dead skin cells, therefore giving birth to stubborn pimples. Bacteria can enter the skin pores and get trapped along with the oil and skin cells.
At this point, the infected, red, swollen lump is what is being referred to as the acne cyst.
The reaction on the skin always leads to swelling deep in the skin’s middle layer (the dermis).
- Age factor (teenagers are more open to cystic acne).
- Family chronicle of cystic acne.
- Hormone changes: This could either be during teenage years and menopause or stress.
Symptoms of Cystic Acne
Identifying Cystic Acne is not as hard. It usually carries very visible symptoms and can be identified quickly.
People with cystic acne grow pus-filled acne cysts or pimples deep beneath their skin and as such; the service of a dermatologist is the only required service to treat this type of acne to diminish the danger of scarring and infection. Antibiotics and prescription-strength topical (skin) creams works perfectly in helping you clear up your cystic acne infected skin.
Aside from being the most serious form of acne, cystic acne also tends to be the largest in size as it is seen to be much deeper within the skin. All other types of acne appear on top of the skin’s surface.
You will see boils on the Skin of anyone that’s suffering from Cystic acne coz the ailment looks like boils. Other identifying characteristics include;
- Large pus-filled cyst
- Large white bump
- The skin is often red
- Painful to the touch
There’s a similar skin disease like cystic acne. It is called Acne Cyst.
They are very similar and have almost the same attributes. Both can scar and both cause painful bumps under the skin.
However, there are tips you can use to know the difference. They include;
- Number one is that Acne cysts are filled with pus, a fluid.
- Secondly, Acne nodules are more solid and harder than acne cysts because they don’t contain fluid.
How to Treat Cystic Acne
Because of the rigidness of cystic acne, drugs taken without proper prescription should not be considered. This implies you will need to consult a dermatologist for a professional medication prescription.
The following are the methods used in treating cystic acne. Though composite therapies are required in some cases;
Also known as Accutane, Isotretinoin is a proven and effective medical measure for treating of cystic acne. Isotretinoin is acquired from a dominant form of vitamin A, and it’s typically taken in tablet form daily.
You will begin to experience improvement within four months of taking Isotretinoin as a treatment measure for Cystic Acne.
However, there are some risks associated with Isotretinoin of which you need to pay close attention and make sure to consult a medical doctor once you started noticing any of the following; Bruising, Inflammatory or swollen bowel, Constant headaches or nosebleeds, New or worsening mood disorders, Blood in your urine, Skin swelling, Muscle and joint pain.
2. Oral Antibiotics
Another strong treatment measure for cystic acne is by using Oral antibiotics, especially in cases where the cystic acne covers a large percentage of your skin.
The oral antibiotics will help in decreasing bacteria and swelling that could be contributing to cystic acne development.
However, antibiotics do not reduce excess oil and dead skin cells. Antibiotics may only be used in the short term, due to concerns over bacterial resistance. If antibiotics are not effective, then your dermatologist will likely recommend isotretinoin for you to start taking.
Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Nausea, Sun sensitivity, and Vomiting are the side effects of oral antibiotics
3. Topical Retinoids
Topical retinoids are also derived from vitamin A. However, It does not have quite the strength of isotretinoin. These work by disconnecting hair follicles to remove and prevent flinty acne.
Retinoids are also sometimes used in convergence with topical antibiotics to make them more effective. This can as well be used every day and it comes in creams, gels, and lotions forms.
While one OTC retinoid (adapalene) is currently available, cystic acne is usually responsive to prescription-strength formulas which include: Avage, Avita, Differin, Retin-A, Tazorac.
The application of topical retinoids to cure cystic acne can make your skin red and also cause it to peel. These side effects are usually temporary as your skin gets used to the medication. Retinoids can also make you easily exposed to sunburn, so be sure to use your sunscreen.
Spironolactone (Aldactone) is another possible treatment measure for cystic acne. Conventionally, it is used as a diuretic to help treat edema and high blood pressure. In terms of acne, this medication can work by controlling excess androgen levels that could be adding to inflammatory acne. It is typically only effective in women with acne on their jawline or lower face.
Spironolactone may cause birth defects, so you shouldn’t take it if you are planning a pregnancy. People with kidney disease also should not use this medication.
This also reduces the risk of side effects, such as Breast tenderness, Dizziness, Fatigue, Headaches, High blood potassium (hyperkalemia), Menstrual abnormalities